Creator and innovator by nature, Justin is developing and enhancing the technology to constantly improve the company's primary product, the Active X 3D printing machine. As well as printing the usual 'PLA' (polylactic acid) filament (which looks like strimmer line but is biodegradable), the Active X can be modified to print with PVA, HIPS (high-impact polystyrene), t-glaze and nylon (Taulman 618 and 615 clay, LAYwood, LAYbrick, precious metal clay and even food icing. In addition, the Active X will soon have the capability to print with aluminium.
Dr Suwan Jayasinghe (UCL) - Change of Speaker
Biospray Approaches for Regenerative Biology/Medicine and Therepeutics
The ability to manipulate and distribute living mammalian cells with control presents fascinating possibilities for a plethora of applications in our healthcare. These imply several possibilities in tissue engineering and regenerative biology/medicine, to those of a therapeutic nature. The physical sciences are increasingly playing a pivotal role in this endeavour by both advancing existing cell engineering technology and pioneering new protocols for the creation of biologically viable structures. The talk will introduce the leading technologies, which have been fully validated from a physical, chemical and biological stand point for completely demonstrating their inertness for directly handling the most intricate advanced material known to humankind. Hence, each protocol's advantages and disadvantages will be clearly identified, whilst recognising their future biological and engineering challenges. In conclusion, a few selected biotechnological applications will be presented where these protocols could undergo focused exploration (for. e.g. The significantly reduction in scaring post-surgery). Successful development of these bio-protocols sees the emergence of unique future strategies within both a laboratory and a clinical environment having far-reaching consequences for our healthcare.
Stephanie Allen (Nottingham University)
'Understanding the molecular interactions of peptides in formulations'
Considerable research interest has focused on the ability of atomic force microscopy (AFM) and related techniques to image and explore the interactions between single biological molecules. Many examples can be found within the literature where such approaches have been employed to follow peptide fibrillization, reveal sub-molecular resolution images of membrane proteins, unfold protein molecules and to explore the dissociation of a wide-range of biomolecular complexes. My research interests are driven by a desire to understand how biological processes work at the molecular level, particularly those that are relevant to health and disease. Consequently, I also have an interest in exploring how this can be exploited for the development of new therapeutic approaches or new materials/devices for use within the pharmaceutical and wider healthcare sectors. My presentation will provide an overview of our recent work in this area, with a particular focus on investigations of biomolecular formulations (including proteins/peptides) and work in which we are developing approaches to rapidly identify/screen for appropriate formulation conditions during earlier in development.
Richard Stacy (Stacy Consulting Ltd)
'Big Data and the end of purchasing: why in the future we will only ever rent the products we consume'
This presentation will look at the significance of algorithms and Big Data and why this has the potential to change not just marketing and retailing, but society as a whole. It will identify what opportunities Big Data will provide, but also the darker side of Big Data and why it is that the issue of social consent could be critical in determining the rules for how (or if) algorithms will be allowed to operate.
1 May 2014 - day 2
Peter Vukusic (University of Exeter)
'Colour and appearance generation: evolutionary approaches using nanotechnology'
Pigment-free colour generation is of academic and commercial relevance across a range of sciences, technologies and industries. The associated colours and optical effects, often referred to as structural colour, generally rely on the interaction of light with periodic micron-sized and nano-sized structures that manipulate the colours that are reflected and the appearances and aesthetic that these reflected colours generate.
In biology, this type of appearance control is ubiquitous. In certain butterflies for instance, conspicuous visibility is attributed to nanostructures that are formed by discrete layers of simple protein-based material. This contrasts, in other examples, to nanostructures evolved more for camouflage and which comprise a much more subtle colour aesthetic. Such natural examples as these, and many others, provide a set of design templates from which tech-based inspiration continues to be drawn.
It is increasingly clear that the use of an often relatively simple physical (rather than chemical) design makes it possible to generate a rich diversity of nanoparticle-derived colour appearances for use in or across many applications.
This presentation will offer an overview of the basic principles associated with structural colour generation, both in exemplary biological systems and in technological applications to which they are currently being applied.
Tomas Muthny (Contipro)
'The application of rapid screening technology in the development of anti-ageing actives'
Try-before-you-buy, sustainable development, mechanism of action, story telling, originality, customization, multifunctionality, etc. These are topics of todays as well as future personal care market. There are many approaches how to achieve goals mentioned above and rapid screening technologies are among them. The review of these techniques, their strengths , weaknesses, principles, and applications will be provided. DNA array together with specific examples will be emphasized.
Professor Wayne Hayes (University of Reading)
'Recent developments in organic materials - healable polymers and functional hydrogels'
Modern developments in organic-based materials have been inspired by nature’s way of employing numerous weak non-covalent interactions between relatively small compounds via a process called ‘self-assembly’ to afford highly stable and functional materials. Materials generated by self-assembly possess attractive chemical and physical characteristics including the capability to be healed post exposure to mechanical stresses or changes in environmental conditions. This talk will review the topic of self-assembled organic-based materials and will highlight notable advances in the field such as healable polymers and hydrogels that have potential applications in cosmetics.
Professor Charles Spence (Sommerville College, Oxford)
'Neuroscience - inspired multisensory design'
In this talk, I will demonstrate how the perceptual quality of any of our everyday experiences cannot really be understood without reference to the emerging field of multisensory perception research. There has been a growing realization in recent years of the importance of multisensory design: The idea being that no matter what product or experience that one happens to be looking at it would likely benefit from having a greater number of sensory touch points with the consumer. However, what many marketers/designers fail to realize are the profound, if often surprising, ways in which changing one sensory attribute of a product or its packaging can impact on a consumer’s perception of qualities that are more normally associated with another sense. This is whether an understanding of the neuroscience underlying multisensory perception comes in. So, for example, I will show how one can dramatically change the feel of a person’s skin by changing the sound that they hear; I will show how ratings of physical attractiveness change as a function of the ambient smell; I will demonstrate with a number of current examples how we are trying to use the neuroscience-inspired design approach to enhance the consumer’s experience with cosmetic products at various stages from point of purchase through to point of use.
Francis McGlone (Liverpool John Moores University)
'Touching the Future'
Recent research has shown that some skin nerves (c-tactile afferents or CTs) send ‘feel good’ signals to the brain when activated by gentle touch, and how this kind of touch may be all-important in developing a healthy ‘social brain’ and in sustaining human relationships. Tactile research has focussed mainly on the fingertips where information from mechanosensory receptors is conveyed to sensory areas of the brain by fast-conducting nerve fibres, enabling this information to be processed in ‘real-time’ – an important factor when handling objects or tools. However, touch has another dimension beyond the purely discriminative - an affective and affiliative one. Research from our group has identified and described a system of highly sensitive nerves in the skin that respond preferentially to gentle stroking touch. These nerves are only found in hairy skin (the main skin of the body area) and have not been found in the glabrous skin of the hands. This presentation will describe research that has characterised the structure and function of these ’touch pleasure nerves’ and show data that provides support for the functional role of a body-based emotional touch system – one that underpins the pleasurable aspects of nurturing, affiliative, and social touch and grooming behaviours – leaving the hands to ‘touch’ while the body ‘feels’…….
Ramaa Chipalkatti (Datamonitor)
'Beauty Innovations 2014 and beyond...'
From cosmetics and toiletries to over-the-counter medications and skincare products, personal care is a huge source of new product innovation with breakthrough formulations, unusual new benefits, and functional packaging. This presentation will provide a vision into the future to explore emerging themes and promising concepts that Datamonitor believes are likely to inspire innovation in the next few years. Recent consumer trends and examples of novel beauty innovations will be used throughout to identify potential game-changers in beauty product innovation.
David Wood (London Futurists / Humanity+ / Symbian co-founder / smartphone pioneer)
'More than skin deep: radical options for human transformation, 2015-2045'
Within 30 years, those of us still alive will have the potential to experience profound human enhancement. Detox and rejuvenation therapies that clean out internal biological damage will be able to revitalise us in far-reaching ways. Smartphone technology will be miniaturised and ready for incorporation deep inside our bodies and brains. We'll be living alongside enchanting, witty robots and other forms of super AIs and virtual companions, who will have deprived most of us of gainful employment. We might even be on the point of merger: human with robot, biology with technology.
But which elements of this vision are science fiction, and which science fact? What factors influence the acceleration of technology? And how can we collectively mould the trajectories ahead, so that human values flourish, rather than us bitterly regretting what we allowed to happen?